Cultural values, happiness and harmful peer aggression reported by adolescents across 12 world regions.

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk


A comparison of cultural values and harmful peer aggression in 12 world regions (Australia, Mainland China, Greece, India, Indonesia, Italy, Israel, Poland, South Korea, Spain, The Philippines, and Taiwan) formed the focus of this paper. It has been suggested that differences in prevalence rates of aggression could partly be attributed to cultural differences so Hofstede’s
multi-dimensional framework of collectivism-individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and masculinity-femininity, hypothesised to operate on all levels of human behaviour, was used to explain differences in levels of harmful peer aggression for each region. Happiness scores calculated from the World Happiness Survey for each location were also used for comparison.
Over 7,000 young people aged 11-16, provided data about harmful peer aggression using the Student Aggression and Victimisation Questionnaire (SAVQ – Skrzypiec, 2015). While the findings revealed wide variation in the prevalence of harmful peer aggression amongst nations, with the highest occurrence in India and the Philippines and the lowest in Taiwan and South Korea, country-based cultural differences only partly explained the variation between locations. The level of happiness contributed to the largest amount of differences between nations in harmful peer aggression, while Hofstede’s cultural dimensions had limited accountability. It is suggested that school culture may differ from those of the local national context along some cultural dimensions. Therefore, Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, which are based on cross-cultural adult data, require reassessment for young people living in different cultural societies.
Period5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019
Event titleWorld Education Research Association
Event typeConference
LocationTokyo, JapanShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational