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Personal profile

Research Biography

Dr Lily Xiao has a teaching and research interest in the areas of caregiver support in dementia care, chronical disease management, cross-cultural dementia care, dementia education for health professionals and caregivers and other forms of dementia and workforce development in aged care. She has an established track record in cross-cultural care for older people and people with dementia. She has in-depth knowledge about the impact of increased cultural, linguistic and religious diversity of the consumers and the workforce on care models, communication and quality of care in aged care and dementia care. Methodologies she has applied to research projects include qualitative studies (phenomenological study, critical ethnography), quantitative studies (cross-sectional study, randomised controlled trial) and critical action research.

She is the Fellow of Australian College of Nursing (ACN) and serves on the ACN Royal Commission into Aged Care Quality and Safety Expert Advisory Group. She is Member of The NHMRC National Institute for Dementia Research in Australia. Her contributions to aged care and dementia care have been recognised by the Chinese society in China. She received a Fellowship at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 2014 and was awarded Honorary Adviser by the Academy of Cognitive Disorder of China & Chinese Geriatrics Society in 2016.

She is also passionate about health equity in global health. She was selected to participate in the World Health Organization (WHO) Nursing and Midwife Scholar Programme in the WHO Headquarter in Geneva in 2015. She is one of Key Contributors to the WHO iSupport, a global online programme for caregivers of people with dementia. She led the development of Human Resources for Health Observer No 22 entitled €˜Optimizing the contributions of the nursing and midwifery workforce to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals through education, research and practice'.

Research Interests

Research areas:

Dementia care including people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Health care for older people; Workforce development; Transcultural nursing; Comparative studies of the care of older people in Australia and China; Comparative studies of nursing education in Australia and China.

Methodologies used:

Qualitative research using hermeneutics, case studies and narratives; Quantitative studies using randomised controlled trial and questionnaire survey; Critical theory applied to action research.

Recent research projects

  1. Lily Xiao, Julie Ratcliffe, Claudia Meyer, Michael Chapman, Langduo Chen, Shahid Ullah, Alison Kitson, Andre Andrade, 2021-2025, Creating partnership in iSupport program to optimise carers’ impact on dementia care, Medical Research Future Fund (MRFF) 2020 Dementia Ageing and Aged Care Mission, $1,406,658 Aus.
  2. Lily Xiao, Julie Ratcliffe, Alison Kitson, Shahid Ullah, Claudia Meyer, Sue McKechnie, Craig Whitehead, Michael Chapman, 2021-2023. Implementing Australian iSupport to improve online dementia education and carer support, NHMRC/DCRC World Class Research Project Grans, $536,586 Aus.
  3. Lily Xiao, Julie Ratcliffe, Shahid Ullah, Henry Brodaty, Bianca Brijnath, Hui-Chen Chang, Huali Wang, Jing Wang, Chia-Chi Chang, Timothy Kwok and Mingxia Zhu, 2021-2022, Strengthening professional collaboration in dementia caregiver education and research via the provision and evaluation of the iSupport program in Australia and Greater China, National Foundation for Australia-China Relations 2020-2021 (NFACR216), $440,000 Aus.
  4. Nguyen T, Xiao L, Brodaty H, Brijnath B, Andrade A, Esterman A, Kurrle S, Crotty M, Schofield P, Bhar S, 2021-2023, 2020, DIVA: Dementia Carer (Development and evaluation of an iSupport virtual assistant app for dementia carers, NHMRC e-ASIA Joint Research Program Grant Scheme, GNT2001548, $1,857,363 Aus.
  5. Feng H, Xiao LD & Liu Y, 2018-2020, Aged Care Clinical Mentoring Model of Change in Nursing Homes in China: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Central South University in China and Flinders University in Australia. China Medical Board Open Competition Grants (USA-based), Grant Number 17-268, $80,000 USD.
  6. Wang J, Xiao LD & Li X, 2018-2020, A web-based support program for dementia caregivers in home settings: A randomized clinical trial, Xi'An Jiaotong University in China and Flinders University in Australia. China Medical Board Open Competition Grants (USA-based), Grant Number 17-269, $40,000 USD.


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