α-Lithium alkyls of α-trimethylsilyl-p-xylenes and the synthesis of p-C6H4(CH2SnMe3)2 from a new di-Grignard reagent: Crystal structure of [{Li(Me2NCH2CH2NMe2)} 2{p-C6H4(CHSiMe3)2}]

Wing Por Leung, Colin L. Raston, Brian W. Skelton, Allan H. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Metallation of the p-xylene compounds p-C6H4(CHRR′) (CHR″R‴) (R,R′,R″,R‴ = H or SiMe3) with [LiBun(tmen)] (tmen = NNN′N′-tetramethylethylenediamine) or [LiBun(pmdien)] (pmdien = NNN′N″N″-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine) occurs selectively at the benzylic carbon atom(s) (Cα) in a manner dependent on the degree of substitution and the tertiary amine. Four of the organolithium complexes generated have been isolated as crystalline solids and the molecular structure of one, [{Li(tmen)}2-{p-C6H4(CHSiMe3) 2}], has been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The p-xylenediyl moiety is planar with the trimethylsilyl groups trans to each other, being related by an inversion centre. There is evidence of a dominant p-quinodimethanide bonding contribution, with each lithium, on opposite sides of the C8H6Si2 plane, interacting unsymmetrically with both Cα and its adjacent ring-carbon atom [Li-Cα 2.10(1) and Li-Cβ 2.38(1) Å]. A high-yield synthesis of a di-Grignard reagent derived from 1,4-bis(chloromethyl)benzene in thf (tetrahydrofuran) which yields a compound of composition [Mg1.5Cl(thf)2(C8H8)]n after ca. 1 h is described. The utility of this compounds is illustrated by the synthesis of p-C6H4(CH2SnMe3)2 from SnMe3Cl.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1801-1807
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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