2021 ESC Guidelines on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy: Developed by the Task Force on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) With the special contribution of the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)

Michael Glikson, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Mads Brix Kronborg, Yoav Michowitz, Angelo Auricchio, Israel Moshe Barbash, José A. Barrabés, Giuseppe Boriani, Frieder Braunschweig, Michele Brignole, Haran Burri, Andrew J.S. Coats, Jean Claude Deharo, Victoria Delgado, Gerhard Paul DIller, Carsten W. Israel, Andre Keren, Dipak Kotecha, Christophe Leclercq, Béla MerkelyChristoph Starck, Ingela Thylén, José Maria Tolosana, ESC Scientific Document Group, Jeroen Hendriks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Preamble
Guidelines summarize and evaluate available evidence with the aim of assisting health professionals in proposing the best management strategies for an individual patient with a given condition. Guidelines and their recommendations should facilitate decision-making of health professionals in their daily practice. However, the final decisions concerning an individual patient must be made by the responsible health professional(s) in consultation with the patient and caregiver, as appropriate.

A great number of guidelines have been issued in recent years by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), as well as by other societies and organizations. Because of their impact on clinical practice, quality criteria for the development of guidelines have been established in order to make all decisions transparent to the user. The recommendations for formulating and issuing ESC Guidelines can be found on the ESC website (https://www.escardio.org/Guidelines). The ESC Guidelines represent the official position of the ESC on a given topic and are regularly updated...

Bibliographical note

This article has been co-published with permission in the European Heart Journal and EP Europace. © the European Society of Cardiology 2021. All rights reserved. The articles are identical except for minor stylistic and spelling differences in keeping with each journal’s style. Either citation can be used when citing this article. For permissions, please email journals.permissions@oup.com.

Keywords

  • alternate site pacing
  • atrial fibrillation
  • bradycardia
  • cardiac pacing
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • complications
  • conduction system pacing
  • Guidelines
  • heart failure
  • pacemaker
  • pacing in TAVI
  • pacing indications
  • syncope
  • temporary pacing

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