A bittern (Aves: Ardeidae) from the Early Miocene of New Zealand

Trevor H. Worthy, Jennifer Worthy, Alan Tennyson, Richard Scofield

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Herons (Aves: Ardeidae) are rare in the fossil record globally. Fossil taxa referred to Ardeinae and Nycticoracini are known from as early as the early Oligocene and ardeids undetermined to subfamily include some as old as the early Eocene. In Australasia, the pre-Pliocene record is restricted to one species from the early Miocene of New Zealand. On the basis of a tarsometatarsus and a coracoid we describe a new species of bittern (Ardeidae: Botaurinae) from the St Bathans Fauna, of early Miocene age, from Otago, New Zealand. This is only the third and the oldest pre-Quaternary record for Botaurinae globally.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1331-1343
    Number of pages13
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • Ardeidae
    • bittern
    • early Miocene
    • Fossil heron
    • St Bathans Fauna


    Dive into the research topics of 'A bittern (Aves: Ardeidae) from the Early Miocene of New Zealand'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this