A comparative study of optimal battery storage and fuel cell for a clean power system in remote area

Rahmat Khezri, Amin Mahmoudi, Mohammed H. Haque

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

This paper investigates a comparative study on optimal sizing of fuel cell (FC) and battery energy storage (BES) systems coupled with solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind turbine (WT) for a remote area power system. Two system configurations: (1) PV-WT-BES and (2) PV-WT-FC are optimally sized based on actual annual data of wind, solar radiation, ambient temperature and load profile of a remote area community in South Australia. The costs of generation and storage units are considered based on real Australian market prices. The levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) is used as the objective function and appropriate optimization constraints are considered for each system. It is found that the BES technology is more economic than FC system for power system design in Australian remote areas. However, the PV-WT-FC system results in lower dumped energy. Sensitivity analysis is conducted to investigate the effects of the FC system price and its efficiency on LCOE and dumped energy of the system. The option of adding reactor/reformer to the FC system to produce hydrogen from the human waste is also studied in terms of optimal capacities, economic and dumped energy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728156729
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event9th IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, PEDES 2020 - Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India
Duration: 16 Dec 202019 Dec 2020

Conference

Conference9th IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, PEDES 2020
CountryIndia
CityJaipur
Period16/12/2019/12/20

Keywords

  • Battery energy storage
  • Fuel cell
  • Optimal sizing
  • Remote area power system
  • Renewable energy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A comparative study of optimal battery storage and fuel cell for a clean power system in remote area'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this