A descriptive study of persistent oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with colorectal cancer

Sina Vatandoust, Rohit Joshi, Ken Pittman, Adrian Esterman, Vy Broadbridge, Jacqueline Adams, Nimit Singhal, S Yeend, Timothy Price

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    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Prolonged neurotoxicity after systemic chemotherapy has the potential to impact on quality of life. We explored the frequency of persistent peripheral neuropathy in patients who received oxaliplatin for colorectal cancer at two local centres. Patients and methods: Questionnaires were sent to patients who completed treatment with oxaliplatin for colorectal cancer at least 20 months prior to entering the study. Neuropathy questions were adapted from the FACT/GOG-Ntx (V.4) questionnaire. Results: Of the 56 eligible patients, 27 returned the questionnaire. Twenty-five patients (93%) experienced neuropathic symptoms during their treatment; 11 had grade-2, and two had grade-3 symptoms. At the time of completing the questionnaire, 17 patients (63.0%; 95%CI 43.9-79.4%) were still symptomatic with 12 patients (44.4%; 95%CI 26.8-63.3) having grade-2 or grade-3 symptoms and three patients (11.1%; 95%CI 2.9-27.3) having grade-3 neuropathic symptoms. Participants who received more than 900 mg/m 2 oxaliplatin had a significantly higher risk of persistent grade-2 or grade-3 neuropathy (p =0.031, RR=8.3 95%CI=1.2-57.4). There was a trend toward increased risk of persistent neuropathy of any grade among participants with a history of regular alcohol use (p =0.051; RR=1.7 95%CI 1.0-2.8). Conclusion: Persistent oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy is not as uncommon as previously suggested, and the rate of grade-2 and grade-3 symptoms could be considerably higher than previous reports.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)513-518
    Number of pages6
    JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
    Volume22
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

    Keywords

    • Antineoplastic agents
    • Antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols
    • Colonic neoplasms
    • Colorectal neoplasms
    • Neurotoxicity syndromes
    • Oxaliplatin
    • Rectal neoplasms

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