A DFT-GIAO and DFT-NBO study of polar substituent effects on NMR 17O chemical shifts in some rigid polycyclic alkanes

William Adcock

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    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    17O NMR shieldings of 3-substituted(X)bicyclo[1.1.1]pentan-1-ols (1, Y = OH), 4-substituted(X)bicyclo[2.2.2]octan-1-ols (2, Y = OH), 4-substituted(X)-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-1-ols (3, Y = OH), 4-substituted(X)-cuban- 1-ols (4, Y = OH) and exo- and endo- 6-substituted(X)exo-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2- ols (5 and 6, Y = OH, respectively), as well as their conjugate bases (1-6, Y = O-), for a set of substituents (X = H, NO2, CN, NC, CF3, COOH, F, Cl, OH, NH2, CH3, SiMe 3, Li, O-, and NH 3+) covering a wide range of electronic substituent effects were calculated using the DFT-GIAO theoretical model at the B3LYP/6-311 + G(2d, p) level of theory. By means of natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis various molecular parameters were obtained from the optimized geometries. Linear regression analysis was employed to explore the relationship between the calculated 17O SCS and polar field and group electronegativity substituent constants (σF and σχ, respectively) and also the NBO derived molecular parameters (oxygen natural charge, Qn, occupation numbers of the oxygen lone pairs, no, and occupancy of the C-O antibonding orbital, σ*CO(occup)). In the case of the alcohols (1-6, Y = OH) the 17O SCS appear to be governed predominantly by the σχ effect of the substituent. Furthermore, the key determining NBO parameters appear to be no and σ* CO(occup). Unlike the alcohols, the calculated 17O SCS of the conjugate bases (1-6, Y = O-), except for system 1, do not respond systematically to the electronic effects of the substituents. An analysis of the SCS of 1(Y = O-) raises a significant conundrum with respect to their origin.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)492-498
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Physical Organic Chemistry
    Volume24
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

    Keywords

    • O chemical shifts
    • B3LYP/6-311 + G(2d, p)
    • DFT-GIAO calculations
    • electronic effects
    • NBO analysis
    • regression analysis
    • substituent effects

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