A Fast Prekeying-Based Integrity Protection for Smart Grid Communications

Amitangshu Pal, Alireza Jolfaei, Krishna Kant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we propose a prekeying-based integrity protection mechanism for critical smart grid communications that are often left unprotected due to tight timing constraints. Our mechanism computes the key for the next message in advance followed by a simple exclusive-or operation with the message when it is generated. This provides both integrity and confidentiality at a very low latency cost. The rigorous security analysis shows that the proposed method is secure against cyclic redundancy check (CRC) and message replay attacks. The extensive evaluation shows that the method is up to 21 times faster than standard integrity protection algorithms, and can do the message encryption in under 1 ms even on a very low-end microcontroller.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9222075
Pages (from-to)5751-5758
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Cybersecurity
  • generic object oriented station event (GOOSE)
  • IEEE C37.118
  • integrity protection
  • smart grid communications
  • SV protocol


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