Although increased left ventricular (LV) mass is highly predictive of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in humans, it has never been verified in an experimental model that naturally occurring alleles linked to increased LV mass under basal conditions also associate with worsened cardiovascular prognosis. Because we have shown previously that locus Cm24 on chromosome 5 was responsible for differences in LV mass between WKY and WKHA rats, we used WKY.WKHA-(D5Rat45-D5Rat245) congenic rats (where locus Cm24 has been transferred from WKHA into WKY rats) to test how naturally occurring gene variants present in Cm24 would, in addition to their effects under basal conditions, affect LV mass remodeling and/or function in the context of overload. Volume overload was induced in WKY, WKHA, and WKY.WKHA congenic rats by surgical creation of an aorto-caval fistula. In females, the fistula had no effect on the hearts of WKY rats, yet it induced dilated eccentric hypertrophy and isolated diastolic dysfunction in WKHA and WKY.WKHA congenic rats, along with signs of congestive heart failure. In males, the surgical maneuver induced only mild or inconsistent responses in WKY rats but had much more pronounced effects in WKHA and WKY.WKHA congenic rats. Altogether, our data show that a genetic locus that induces, under basal conditions, either mild or no concentric LV remodeling in either male or female rats, respectively, associates with LV dilatation and dysfunction in both sexes when the hearts are additionally challenged.
|Number of pages||6|
|Early online date||12 Dec 2005|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2006|