A Lightweight Intelligent Intrusion Detection Model for Wireless Sensor Networks

Jeng-Shyang Pan, Fang Fan, Shu-Chuan Chu, Hui-Qi Zhao, Gao-Yuan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


The wide application of wireless sensor networks (WSN) brings challenges to the maintenance of their security, integrity, and confidentiality. As an important active defense technology, intrusion detection plays an effective defense line for WSN. In view of the uniqueness of WSN, it is necessary to balance the tradeoff between reliable data transmission and limited sensor energy, as well as the conflict between the detection effect and the lack of network resources. This paper proposes a lightweight Intelligent Intrusion Detection Model for WSN. Combining k-nearest neighbor algorithm (kNN) and sine cosine algorithm (SCA) can significantly improve the classification accuracy and greatly reduce the false alarm rate, thereby intelligently detecting a variety of attacks including unknown attacks. In order to control the complexity of the model, the compact mechanism is applied to SCA (CSCA) to save the calculation time and space, and the polymorphic mutation (PM) strategy is used to compensate for the loss of optimization accuracy. The proposed PM-CSCA algorithm performs well in the benchmark functions test. In the simulation test based on NSL-KDD and UNSW-NB15 data sets, the designed intrusion detection algorithm achieved satisfactory results. In addition, the model can be deployed in an architecture based on cloud computing and fog computing to further improve the real-time, energy-saving, and efficiency of intrusion detection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5540895
Number of pages15
JournalSecurity and Communication Networks
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2021


  • wireless sensor networks (WSN)
  • k-nearest neighbor algorithm (kNN)
  • sine cosine algorithm (SCA)
  • polymorphic mutation (PM) strategy
  • Intelligent Intrusion Detection Model
  • Lightweight Intelligent Intrusion Detection Model


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