A Meta-analysis of DSM-5 Autism Diagnoses in Relation to DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR

Matthew Bennett, Emma Goodall

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This appears to be the first meta-analysis study which has incorporated articles on the percentage of people with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Forth Edition (DSM-IV) autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis receiving a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) ASD diagnosis and articles on the percentage of people with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Forth Edition-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) ASD diagnosis receiving a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis. Our meta-analysis measured the percentage of people with an ASD diagnosis from the DSM-IV or DSM-IV-TR obtaining an ASD diagnosis from the DSM-5. All 24 studies identified indicated a reduction in the number of people with a DSM-IV or DSM-IV-TR ASD diagnosis being eligible for a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis, a 35 and 37 % reduction respectfully. Our meta-analysis also showed that those with a DSM-IV-TR or DSM-IV diagnosis of PDD-NOS were the least likely to qualify for a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis at 26 and 47 % followed by 55 and 19 %, respectfully of people with Asperger syndrome, and 80 and 87 %, respectfully of people with an autism diagnosis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)119-124
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Volume3
    Issue number2
    Early online date2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

    Keywords

    • Asperger’s disorder
    • Autism
    • Diagnosis
    • DSM-5
    • DSM-IV
    • DSM-IV-TR
    • PDD-NOS

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