A multifaceted quantitative index for sustainability assessment of groundwater management: application for aquifers around Iran

Bahador Zarei, Esmaeel Parizi, Seiyed Mossa Hosseini, Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study developed a groundwater sustainable management index including components of environmental, social, economic and institutional responsibility. Four significant indicators: integrated groundwater footprint, population density, percentage of groundwater used for agricultural and industrial sectors, and density of observation wells were adopted and executed for 443 of Iran’s aquifers. The results indicated that the groundwater sustainable management for 32% of Iran’s aquifers is poor–very poor, and this index is more sensitive to economic and social indicators. Finally, an inverse correlation was observed between the groundwater sustainable management index values and the coefficient of variation of normalized difference vegetation index (R 2 = −0.437).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-360
Number of pages23
JournalWater International
Volume47
Issue number3
Early online date3 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • groundwater management
  • Iran
  • multicriteria decision-making
  • Sustainability

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