A Multinational Assessment of Metal-on-Metal Bearings in Hip Replacement

Stephen Graves, Alastair Rothwell, Keith Tucker, Joshua Jacobs, Art Sedrakyan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    69 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is emerging evidence that many metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings, when used with large femoral heads in conventional hip replacement and some resurfacing prostheses, are associated with increased rates of revision arthroplasty. Registries are the main sources of data on MoM prostheses. At the recent International Consortium of Orthopaedic Registries (ICOR) meeting, data were presented from the Australian, England and Wales, and New Zealand registries. All registries reported an increased rate of revision for large femoral head MoM prostheses when prostheses were aggregated compared with the aggregated data of hip prostheses with other bearing surfaces. There was also evidence, however, that the outcome varied, depending on the type of prostheses used, in both large femoral head MoM conventional hip replacement as well as resurfacing hip replacement.The relevance of the recent isolated case reports on systemic metal toxicity was also discussed at the ICOR meeting. Although systemic metal toxicity appears to be a rare occurrence, there is a need to undertake appropriately designed studies to define the true prevalence of this phenomenon. There may be advantages in nesting these studies within registries. The ICOR meeting highlighted the implications of the MoM experience for the orthopaedic industry, regulators, and surgeons.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-47
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume
    Volume93
    Issue numberS3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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