A new finding on the in-vivo crevice corrosion damage in a CoCrMo hip implant

Reza Hashemi Oskouei, Mohammad Barati, Hamidreza Farhoudi, Mark Taylor, Lucian Solomon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A detailed investigation was performed to characterize the fretting wear and corrosion damage to the neck component of a CoCrMo stem from a metal-on-polyethylene implant retrieved after 99 months. The stem was a low-carbon (0.07 wt%) wrought Co-28Cr-6Mo alloy with no secondary carbide phases in the matrix (γ-phase). The original design of the neck surface contained an intentionally fabricated knurled profile with a valley-to-peak range of approximately 11 μm. Roughness measurements indicated that the tip of the knurled profile was significantly damaged, especially in the distal medial region of the neck, with up to a 22% reduction in the mean peak-to-valley height (Ra) compared to the original profile. As a new finding, the channels between the peaks of the profile created an additional crevice site in the presence of stagnant body fluid within the head-neck taper junction. These channels were observed to contain the most severe corroded areas and surface oxide layers with micro-cracks. SEM/EDS, XRD and XPS evaluations identified the formation of Cr2O3 as a corrosion product. Also, decobaltification was found to occur in these corroded areas. The findings of this work indicate the important role of the knurled profile in inducing additional crevice corrosion.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)390-398
    Number of pages9
    JournalMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C-BIOMIMETIC AND SUPRAMOLECULAR SYSTEMS
    Volume79
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

    Keywords

    • Chromium oxide
    • CoCrMo alloy
    • Crevice corrosion
    • Fretting wear
    • Orthopaedic implants
    • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

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