A novel analytical approach for determining the frictional moments and torques acting on modular femoral components in total hip replacements

Hamidreza Farhoudi, Reza Hashemi Oskouei, Claire Jones, Mark Taylor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A three dimensional analytical approach was developed to determine the frictional moment vector generated by the relative sliding of the head-cup bearing couple of a total hip replacement. The frictional moment projection onto the femoral neck was also determined over the loading cycle. Predicted frictional moments for nine combinations of bearing materials and diameters were in close agreement with existing in vitro data. The analytical method was then applied to simplified gait (lubrication conditions of dry and serum), ISO standard gait and physiological level gait loading cycles. ISO standard gait had a total contact force of about two fold of physiological level gait and there was a corresponding increase in the maximum frictional torque on neck from 0.66×BW%. m to 0.88×BW%. m. For the ISO standard gait, the maximum frictional torque occurred at the same instance of maximum frictional moment and the maximum contact force. In contrast, for the physiological level gait, the frictional torque did not occur at the same instance as the peak load. This suggests that the neck frictional torque is a function of other parameters, such as angle between neck axis and frictional moment vector, as well as the magnitude of the contact force and frictional moment. The developed methodology was able to predict the maximum magnitude and change of directions of moments and the variation of torque at the head neck interface. The data will be useful for experimental studies assessing the fretting behaviour of the head neck junction, by providing appropriate loading data.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)976-983
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biomechanics
    Volume48
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2015

    Keywords

    • Bearing
    • Femoral head
    • Friction
    • Frictional moment
    • Frictional torque
    • Head-neck taper
    • Total hip replacement

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