A novel de novo Myocilin variant in a patient with sporadic juvenile open angle glaucoma

Emmanuelle Souzeau, Kathryn Burdon, Bronwyn Ridge, Andrew Dubowsky, Jonathan B. Ruddle, Jamie E. Craig

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Abstract

Background: Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness. Pathogenic variants in the Myocilin gene (MYOC) cause juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) in 8-36 % of cases, and display an autosomal dominant inheritance with high penetrance. Molecular diagnosis is important for early identification as therapies are effective in minimizing vision loss and MYOC variants can be associated to severe glaucoma. MYOC variants are usually inherited, however a fifth of carriers do not report a family history. The occurrence of de novo MYOC variants is currently unknown. Case presentation: In this study we investigated a 14 year old male Caucasian patient diagnosed with JOAG, and no family history of glaucoma. A novel probably deleterious MYOC:p.(Pro254Leu) variant was identified in the index case. This variant was not present in the parents or the siblings. Conclusion: This is the second report of a de novo MYOC variant in a sporadic case of JOAG and it is currently unknown if this mechanism occurs more frequently. This finding emphasizes the importance of screening individuals with JOAG for MYOC mutations irrespective of a negative family history.

Original languageEnglish
Article number30
Number of pages5
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Keywords

  • De novo variant
  • Juvenile open angle glaucoma
  • Genetic testing
  • Glaucoma
  • myocilin
  • Myocilin

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