A pilot study of a post-discharge nurse-led, educational intervention on cardiac self-efficacy and anxiety in post-CI patients

Katina Corones-Watkins, K Theobald, Katherine White, Robyn Clark

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review

    Abstract

    Introduction: Hospitalisation for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is often short, with limited nurse-teaching time and poor information absorption. Currently, patients are discharged home only to wait up to 4-8 weeks to commence a secondary prevention program and visit their cardiologist. This wait is an anxious time for patients and confidence or self-efficacy (SE) to self-manage may be low.

    Objectives: To determine the effects of a nurse-led, educational intervention on participant SE and anxiety in the early post-discharge period.

    Methods: A pilot study was undertaken as a randomised controlled clinical trial. Thirty three participants were recruited, with n¼13 randomised to the intervention group. A face-to-face, nurse-led, educational intervention was undertaken within the first 5-7 days post-discharge. Intervention group participants received standard post-discharge education, physical assessment, with a strong focus on the emotional impact of cardiovascular events and PCI. Early reiteration of post-discharge education was offered, along with health professional support with the aim to increase patients’ SE and to effectively manage their post-discharge health and well being, as well as anxieties. Self-efficacy to return to normal activities was measured to gauge participants’ abilities to manage post-PCI after attending the intervention using the cardiac self-efficacy (CSE) scale. State and trait anxiety was also measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to determine if an increase in SE would influence participant anxiety.

    Results: There were some increases in mean CSE scores in the intervention group participants over time. Areas of increase included return to normal social activities and confidence to change diet. Although reductions were observed in mean state and trait anxiety scores in both groups, an overall larger reduction in intervention group participants was observed over time.

    Conclusion: It is essential that patients are given the education, support, and skills to selfmanage in the early post-discharge period so that they have greater SE and are less anxious. This study provides some initial evidence that nurse-led support and education during this period, particularly the first week following PCI, is beneficial and could be trialled using alternate modes of communication to support remote and rural PCI patients and extend to other cardiovascular patients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberPW376
    Pages (from-to)e336
    Number of pages1
    JournalGlobal Heart
    Volume9
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventWorld Congress of Cardiology Scientific Sessions 2014 -
    Duration: 4 May 2014 → …

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