• Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common among Australian men over the age of 45 years; most men with LUTS will have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), overactive bladder (OAB), or both. • The cause of LUTS should be diagnosed by assessing symptom severity and excluding of medical or pharmaceutical causes. All men with LUTS should undergo digital rectal examination; other diagnostic tools include urine and blood testing, voiding charts and imaging. • Depending on disease severity, impact on quality of life, patient preference, presence of complications and fitness for surgery, BPH is managed with watchful waiting, pharmacotherapy (α-blockers or 5-α-reductase inhibitors), minimally invasive surgical therapies or surgery. • OAB is initially treated with behavioural therapy; if this is ineffective, pharmacotherapy (usually antimuscarinics) can be used. • Patients with LUTS with a provisional diagnosis other than BPH or OAB, or with complications or poor response to pharmacotherapy, should be referred to a urologist.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Medical Journal of Australia|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Jul 2011|