A Prospective Cohort Study on Accuracy of Dorsal Tangential Views to Avoid Screw Penetration With Volar Plating of Distal Radius Fractures

Minke Bergsma, Anne Eva Bulstra, David Morris, Michiel Janssen, Ruurd Jaarsma, Job Doornberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess diagnostic performance of dorsal tangential views (DTVs) to detect dorsal screw protrusion in clinical practice. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Level-1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Fifty consecutive patients undergoing volar plating for 50 distal radius fractures were prospectively included. INTERVENTION: Fluoroscopic DTVs were routinely obtained, and screw revision was documented. Multiplanar reconstructions of postoperative CTs allowed for detection and quantification of dorsal screw penetration using reproducible measuring techniques. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Diagnostic performance (sensitivity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, and accuracy) of DTV. RESULTS: Intraoperatively, in 16 of 50 patients (32%), screws were revised based on DTV, with 13 of 218 screws (6.0%) being revised due to dorsal prominence. One screw was changed because DTV showed it was in the distal radioulnar joint. Postoperatively, in 10 patients (20%), the computed tomography revealed 12 additional screws penetrating ≥1 mm with an average of 1.8 mm (range 1.0-4.5 mm). DTV had a sensitivity of 52%, a negative predictive value of 95%, and accuracy of 95%. No ≥1-mm protruding screw remained in the third compartment. CONCLUSIONS: In one-third of our patients, the incidence of protruding screws that can cause iatrogenic extensor tendon rupture was reduced by obtaining additional DTVs. Although DTV reduces the incidence of dorsal screw penetration considerably, this study reveals limited sensitivity. Therefore, one should keep in mind that dorsal screw penetration may go unnoticed on DTVs, and proper surgical technique remains paramount of DTV. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e291-e297
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • volar plating
  • distal radius fracture
  • dorsal screw penetration
  • dorsal tangential view

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