A randomized controlled feasibility trial of metacognitive training with adolescents receiving treatment for anorexia nervosa

Ryan P. Balzan, Madeline Gilder, Matthew Thompson, Tracey D. Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: This pilot study investigated the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the metacognitive training for eating disorders (MCT-ED) program in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). We report attrition and subjective evaluation as well as changes to cognitive flexibility, perfectionism and eating disorder pathology relative to waitlist controls. 

Method: Female (n = 35, aged 13–17 years) outpatients with a diagnosis of AN (n = 20) or atypical AN (n = 15) completed baseline measures of cognitive flexibility, perfectionism, and eating disorder pathology (May 2020–May 2022). Participants were randomly allocated to either treatment-as-usual (TAU) plus MCT-ED or TAU waitlist condition. All participants completed post-intervention and 3-month follow-up questionnaires. 

Results: The MCT-ED condition had a treatment attrition rate <15%. Participants provided positive evaluation of the program. There were large between groups differences favoring MCT-ED at post-intervention and 3-month follow-up for concern over mistakes perfectionism (respective ds = −1.25, 95% CI [−2.06, −.45]; −.83, 95% CI [−1.60,.06]) with a significant group difference post-intervention but not 3-month follow-up. 

Discussion: Findings provide tentative support for the feasibility of MCT-ED as an adjunct intervention for young people with AN, however replication is needed with a larger sample size to further explore its efficacy. 

Public significance: Metacognitive training for eating disorders (MCT-ED) is a feasible adjunct intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. The intervention, which targets thinking styles and is delivered online by a therapist, received positive feedback, had high treatment retention, and led to reductions in perfectionism by the end of treatment compared to wait-list controls. Although these gains were not sustained long-term, the program is suitable adjunct intervention for young people with eating disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1820-1825
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume56
Issue number9
Early online date9 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • metacognitive training
  • MCT programs
  • Eating disorders
  • adolescents
  • Anorexia nervosa

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