A Randomized Trial of Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy for Children with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Single-Incident Trauma: Predictors and Outcome at 1-Year Follow-Up

Reginald D.V. Nixon, Jisca Sterk, Amanda Pearce, Nathan Weber

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: The 1-year outcome and moderators of adjustment for children and youth receiving treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following single-incident trauma was examined. Method: Children and youth who had experienced single-incident trauma (N=33; 7-17 years old) were randomly assigned to receive 9 weeks of either trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or traumafocused cognitive therapy (without exposure; CT) that was administered to them and their parents individually. Results: Intent-to-treat analyses demonstrated that both groups maintained posttreatment gains in PTSD, depression and general anxiety symptoms reductions at 1-year follow-up, with no children meeting criteria for PTSD. A large proportion of children showed good end-state functioning at follow-up (CBT: 65%; CT: 71%). Contrary to 6-month outcomes, maternal adjustment no longer moderated children's outcome, nor did any other tested variables. Conclusion: The findings confirm the positive longer-term outcomes of using trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral methods for PTSD secondary to single-incident trauma and that these outcomes are not dependent on the use of exposure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)471-478
    Number of pages8
    JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
    Volume9
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

    Keywords

    • children and young people
    • cognitive behavior therapy
    • Posttraumatic stress disorder
    • singleincident trauma

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