A Reduced-Symmetry Heterobimetallic [PdPtL4]4+ Cage: Assembly, Guest Binding, and Stimulus-Induced Switching

Lynn S. Lisboa, James A. Findlay, L. James Wright, Christian G. Hartinger, James D. Crowley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


A strategy is presented that enables the quantitative assembly of a heterobimetallic [PdPtL4]4+ cage. The presence of two different metal ions (PdII and PtII) with differing labilities enables the cage to be opened and closed selectively at one end upon treatment with suitable stimuli. Combining an inert PtII tetrapyridylaldehyde complex with a suitably substituted pyridylamine and PdII ions led to the assembly of the cage. 1H and DOSY NMR spectroscopy and ESI mass spectrometry data were consistent with the quantitative formation of the cage, and the heterobimetallic structure was confirmed using single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The structure of the host–guest adduct with a 2,6-diaminoanthraquinone guest molecule was determined. Addition of N,N′-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) resulted in the formation of the open-cage [PtL4]2+ compound and [Pd(DMAP)4]2+ complex. This process could then be reversed, with the reformation of the cage, upon addition of p-toluenesulfonic acid (TsOH).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11101-11107
Number of pages7
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • cages
  • heterometallic complexes
  • host–guest systems
  • metallosupramolecular architectures
  • stimuli-responsiveness


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