In recent years, several attempts have been made to promote renewable energy in the residential sector to help reducing its CO2 emissions. Among existing approaches utilizing substances capable of directly storing and transporting thermal energy has recently become a point of interest. Zeolite 13X with exceptional capacity to safely store thermal energy for long periods and release heat due to its unique molecular structure is known to be one of the best options serving this purpose. However, the application of this ceramic as a heat storage material in the residential sector is associated with significant challenges dictated by the limitations of the sector, such as space restrictions and affordability. The current review attempts to explore the extent of these challenges, mainly related to design and efficiency from different perspectives. The main aim here is to provide a clear vision for a better understanding of the state of the art of this technology and to help to identify possible solutions fostering the adaptation of this technology to the residential sector.
- Heat adsorption
- Residential sector heating
- TES system
- Thermal storage system efficiency