A systematic review and meta-analysis of homocysteine concentrations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Angelo Zinellu, Elisabetta Zinellu, Maria Carmina Pau, Alessandro G. Fois, Sabrina Mellino, Barbara Piras, Valentina Scano, Sara S. Fois, Arduino A. Mangoni, Ciriaco Carru, Pietro Pirina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often suffer from other conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, that further increase the risk of adverse outcomes in this group. Serum homocysteine concentrations are positively associated with cardiovascular risk and have also been reported to be increased in COPD. This meta-analysis investigated the association between homocysteine concentrations and COPD. A systematic search of publications in the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar, from inception to September 2021, was conducted using the following terms: “Homocysteine” or “Hcy” and “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” or “COPD”. Weighted mean differences (WMDs) were calculated to evaluate differences in homocysteine concentrations between COPD patients and non-COPD subjects. Risk of bias and certainty of evidence were assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist and GRADE, respectively. Nine studies in 432 COPD patients (mean age 65 years, 65% males) and 311 controls (mean age 65 years, 56% males) were identified. Pooled results showed that serum homocysteine concentrations were significantly higher in patients with COPD (WMD = 2.91 µmol/L, 95% CI 2.00–3.82 µmol/L; p < 0.001; high certainty of evidence). No publication bias was observed. Our results support the hypothesis that increased homocysteine concentrations are significantly associated with COPD and may account, at least in part, for the increased cardiovascular risk in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-758
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Early online date5 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Comorbidities
  • COPD
  • Homocysteine


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