A systematic review of the measurement properties of aspects of psychological capacity in older adults

Candice Oster, Sonia Hines, Chris Rissel, Dennis Asante, Jyoti Khadka, Katrin M. Seeher, Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan Jotheeswaran, Christopher Mikton, Theresa Diaz, Vivian Isaac

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OBJECTIVE: to examine the measurement properties of instruments that have been used to measure aspects of psychological capacity in adults aged 60 years and over. METHODS: the databases PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMCARE and Scopus from 2010 were searched using search terms related to psychological capacity, older persons and measurement properties. Both data extraction and risk-of-bias assessment were conducted using the COSMIN (COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments) criteria using Covidence software. RESULTS: the full text of 326 articles were reviewed and a total of 30 studies were included, plus two further articles identified from reference lists (n = 32). No single instrument measuring psychological capacity was identified. Twenty (n = 20) instruments were identified that measure seven constructs of psychological capacity: Resilience; Sense of coherence; Hope; Mindfulness; Optimism; Attachment to life; Emotional regulation. CONCLUSIONS: this systematic review identified potential measures of psychological capacity in older adults. The review will inform further work to develop a single comprehensive measure of psychological capacity in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)iv67-iv81
Number of pages15
JournalAge and Ageing
Issue numberSupplement_4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

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© World Health Organization, 2023. All rights reserved. The World Health Organization has granted the Publisher permission for the reproduction of this article.


  • healthy ageing
  • intrinsic capacity
  • older people
  • psychological capacity
  • psychometric property
  • systematic review


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