The identification of novel prognostic biomarkers might enhance individualized management strategies in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Although several patient characteristics are currently used to predict outcomes, the prognostic significance of the body mass index (BMI), a surrogate measure of excess fat mass, has not been specifically investigated until recently. We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus, from inception to July 2022, for studies investigating associations between the BMI and clinical endpoints in IPF. The Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist was used to assess the risk of bias. The PRISMA 2020 statement on the reporting of systematic reviews was followed. Thirty-six studies were identified (9958 IPF patients, low risk of bias in 20), of which 26 were published over the last five years. Significant associations between lower BMI values and adverse outcomes were reported in 10 out of 21 studies on mortality, four out of six studies on disease progression or hospitalization, and two out of three studies on nintedanib tolerability. In contrast, 10 out of 11 studies did not report any significant association between the BMI and disease exacerbation. Our systematic review suggests that the BMI might be useful to predict mortality, disease progression, hospitalization, and treatment-related toxicity in IPF (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42022353363).
- adverse outcomes
- body mass index
- disease progression
- idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis