A systematic review of typologies on aged care system components to facilitate complex comparisons

Jenni Suen, Suzanne Dyer, Wendy Shulver, Tyler Ross, Maria Crotty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Typologies are frequently utilised in analyses of the quality, funding, and efficiency of aged care systems. This review aims to provide a comprehensive resource identifying and critiquing existing aged care typologies. 

Methods: Systematic search of MEDLINE, Econlit, Google Scholar, greylit.org and Open Grey databases from inception to July 2020, including typologies of national, regional or provider aged care systems. Article screening, data extraction, and quality appraisal were conducted in duplicate. 

Results: 14 aged care typologies were identified; five applied to residential care, two to home care and seven to mixed settings; eight examined national systems and seven regional or provider systems. Five typologies classifying national financing or home care services, provider financing of staff and services and quality of residential care were considered high quality. The schematic provided summarises the focus area and aids in typology selection. 

Discussion: The aged care typologies identified cover a wide range of areas and contexts of aged care provision. This schematic, summary and critique will aid researchers, providers, and aged care policy makers to examine their own setting, compare it to other approaches to aged care provision and assist in identifying alternatives and important considerations, when undertaking aged care reform.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Services Management Research
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 May 2023


  • aged care
  • funding
  • provision of care
  • quality of care
  • Typology


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