A two-phase flow model with VOF for free surface flow problems

Wei Zhang, Youhong Tang, Chengbi Zhao, Cheng Zhang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    A numerical model based on the two-phase flow model for incompressible viscous fluid with a complex free surface has been developed in this study. The two-step projection method is employed to solve the Navier-Stokes equations in the numerical solutions, and finite difference method on a staggered grid is used throughout the computation. The two-order accurate volume of fluid (VOF) method is used to track the distorted and broken free surfaces. The two-phase model is first validated by simulating the dam break over a dry bed, in which the numerical results and experimental data agree well. Then 2-D fluid sloshing in a horizontally excited rectangular tank at different excitation frequencies is simulated using this two-phase model. The results of this study show that the two-phase flow model with VOF method is a potential tool for the simulation of nonlinear fluid sloshing. These studies demonstrate the capability of the two-phase model to simulate free surface flow problems with considering air movement effects.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)279-283
    Number of pages5
    JournalApplied Mechanics and Materials
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Two-phase flow model
    • Two-step projection method
    • VOF


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