Patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA) lack the lysosomal enzyme sulfamidase (SGSH), which is responsible for the degradation of heparan sulfate (HS). Build-up of undegraded HS results in severe progressive neurodegeneration for which there is currently no treatment. The ability of the vector adeno-associated virus (AAV)rh.10-CAG-SGSH (LYS-SAF302) to correct disease pathology was evaluated in a mouse model for MPS IIIA. LYS-SAF302 was administered to 5-week-old MPS IIIA mice at three different doses (8.6E+08, 4.1E+10, and 9.0E+10 vector genomes [vg]/animal) injected into the caudate putamen/striatum and thalamus. LYS-SAF302 was able to dose-dependently correct or significantly reduce HS storage, secondary accumulation of GM2 and GM3 gangliosides, ubiquitin-reactive axonal spheroid lesions, lysosomal expansion, and neuroinflammation at 12 weeks and 25 weeks post-dosing. To study SGSH distribution in the brain of large animals, LYS-SAF302 was injected into the subcortical white matter of dogs (1.0E+12 or 2.0E+12 vg/animal) and cynomolgus monkeys (7.2E+11 vg/animal). Increases of SGSH enzyme activity of at least 20% above endogenous levels were detected in 78% (dogs 4 weeks after injection) and 97% (monkeys 6 weeks after injection) of the total brain volume. Taken together, these data validate intraparenchymal AAV administration as a promising method to achieve widespread enzyme distribution and correction of disease pathology in MPS IIIA.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Molecular Therapy: Methods and Clinical Development|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Jun 2020|
Bibliographical noteThis is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
- gene therapy
- lysosomal storage disease