Academic integrity in the Muslim world: a conceptual map of challenges of culture

Akbar Akbar, Michelle Picard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)


The literature suggests that a whole-institution culture of academic integrity is needed in order to prevent academic integrity breaches. It is also suggested that the national cultures and individual backgrounds of academic staff and students can impact on their propensity to breach academic integrity policies and on their uptake of initiatives aimed at enhancing academic culture. Much research has been conducted on academic integrity related to culture in the western world including the behaviours of international students, and some work has been conducted in various Asian contexts. However, little is known about how national culture and religion affect academic integrity in eastern countries with a Muslim majority. This paper presents a synthesis of the literature related to academic integrity and culture in regions where Muslims are the majority. An integrative literature review was carried out. Keywords were used to search and to collect academic integrity related research published from 2010 to 2020. The literature reviewed revealed that academics in countries with a Muslim majority faced challenges related to their local cultures, which included social and religious perceptions and practices. However, they were also able to draw upon some national and religious practices that supported and enhanced academic integrity. This paper concludes with recommendations for incorporating these positive cultural factors into an academic integrity framework for policy and practice appropriate for Muslim contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal for Educational Integrity
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic integrity
  • Culture
  • Muslim world


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