Accidental rivaroxaban overdose in a patient with pulmonary embolism: Some lessons for managing new oral anticoagulants

Dimitar Sajkov, Alexander Gallus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rivaroxaban is an orally active direct factor Xa inhibitor used to treat venous thromboembolism with approved starting dose of 15 mg twice-daily. We present a case of an accidental overdose in a patient with pulmonary thromboembolism, when the patient received two 150 mg doses of rivaroxaban, instead of 15 mg as prescribed, given 12 hours apart. This error was recognised ten minutes after the second dose, when 50 gm oral activated charcoal was given. Rivaroxaban was stopped and rivaroxaban concentrations, INR, and APTT were monitored. The overdose was uncomplicated and 15 mg twice-daily rivaroxaban was restarted on day two. Apparently unlikely and potentially hazardous dispensing errors do happen. Each oral anticoagu-lant has a different dosing schedule. In our patient, the prescription for 15 mg twice-daily rivaroxaban was misread as 150 mg twice-daily (a correct dose for dabigatran in atrial fibrillation). Such errors are preventable. Prompt administration of activated charcoal under monitoring of a specific rivaroxaban assay can greatly help management of unusual situations like this one.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-59
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Medicine Insights: Case Reports
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

COPYRight: © the authors, publisher and licensee libertas academica limited. this is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY-nC 3.0 license.

Keywords

  • Anticoagulation
  • Overdose
  • Rivaroxaban

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