Acute kidney injury, stroke and death after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: the role of perfusion flow and pressure

Laura Turner, Ashutosh Hardikar, Matthew D. Jose, Keshav Bhattarai, Carmel Fenton, Rajiv Sharma, Geoff Kirkland, Lisa Jeffs, Monique Breslin, Bruna Silva Ragaini, Richard Newland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery is associated with morbidity and mortality. This study aims to evaluate the role of low perfusion flow and pressure in the development of cardiopulmonary bypass–associated acute kidney injury, stroke and death, using multicentre registry data. Methods: We identified patients from the Australian and New Zealand Collaborative Perfusion Registry who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and/or valvular surgery between 2008 and 2018. Primary predictor variables were the length of time the perfusion flow was <1.6 L/min/m2 and the length of time perfusion pressure was < 50mmHg. The primary outcome was new postoperative acute kidney injury defined by the risk-injury-failure-loss-end stage criteria. Secondary outcomes were stroke and in-hospital death. The influence of perfusion flow and pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass on the primary and secondary outcomes was estimated using separate multivariate models. Results: A total of 16,356 patients were included. The mean age was 66 years and 75% were male. Acute kidney injury was observed in 1,844 patients (11%), stroke in 204 (1.3%) and in-hospital death in 286 (1.8%). Neither the duration of the time spent for perfusion flow (<1.6 L/minute/m2) nor the duration of the time spent for perfusion pressure (<50 mmHg) was associated with postoperative acute kidney injury, stroke or death in adjusted models. Conclusions: Neither low perfusion pressure nor low perfusion flow during cardiopulmonary bypass were predictive of postoperative acute kidney injury, stroke or death.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalPerfusion (United Kingdom)
Early online date9 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • acute kidney injury
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • perfusion flow
  • perfusion pressure
  • stroke

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Acute kidney injury, stroke and death after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: the role of perfusion flow and pressure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Turner, L., Hardikar, A., Jose, M. D., Bhattarai, K., Fenton, C., Sharma, R., Kirkland, G., Jeffs, L., Breslin, M., Silva Ragaini, B., & Newland, R. (2020). Acute kidney injury, stroke and death after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: the role of perfusion flow and pressure. Perfusion (United Kingdom). https://doi.org/10.1177/0267659120924919