Addressing smoking and other health risk behaviours using a novel telephone-delivered intervention for homeless people: A proof-of-concept study

Billie Bonevski, Amanda Baker, Laura Twyman, Christine Paul, Jamie Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction and Aims. Despite substantial health disadvantage, few intervention studies have examined ways to deliver smoking cessation support to homeless people. This proof-of-concept study explored the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, low-cost, telephone-delivered program. Design and Methods. Clients aged over 18years, English-speaking and currently receiving accommodation support from a homelessness outreach centre were invited to participate in a 'Phone for Health' program. Six sessions conducted once per week provided participants with personalised counselling about smoking cessation or reduction, as well as fruit and vegetable consumption, alcohol use, physical activity and sun protection. Both clients and staff completed follow-up quantitative surveys, and clients completed qualitative interviews. Results. Of 14 eligible participants, 12 consented to taking part and completed baseline measures, 10 commenced the telephone intervention and six completed the intervention program. Average length of telephone sessions was 17.8min and participants completed an average of 3.8 sessions. Findings suggested high acceptability with most participants reporting that the Phone for Health program helped them meet their smoking reduction goals, and was convenient, useful and practical. Most participants reported making changes to their health risk behaviours as a result of taking part in the program. Discussion and Conclusions. Telephone delivery of the smoking cessation and other health behaviours intervention was acceptable and feasible. The results provide pragmatic lessons for the development of future health research and practice with an underserved population markedly difficult to reach and engage.[Bonevski B, Baker A, Twyman L, Paul C, Bryant J. Addressing smoking and other health risk behaviours using a novel telephone-delivered intervention for homeless people: A proof-of-concept study. Drug Alcohol Rev 2012;31:709-713]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-713
Number of pages5
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acceptability
  • Feasibility
  • Homeless
  • Preventive care
  • Smoking cessation

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