Adverse effects of thiamethoxam on the behavior, biochemical responses, hepatopancreas health, transcriptome and intestinal flora of juvenile Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)

Yiwen Yang, Cong Zhang, Xiaodan Wang, Qiuran Yu, Long He, Xinyu Cai, Erchao Li, Chuanjie Qin, Jianguang Qin, Liqiao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frequent detection of thiamethoxam in global surface waters has provoked great concern in environmental safety, as thiamethoxam exhibits high toxicity to aquatic arthropods. However, little systematic investigation has been conducted on the chronic toxicity of thiamethoxam to crustaceans. This study exposed Eriocheir sinensis to thiamethoxam (0, 0.5, 5 and 50 μg/L) in water for 28 days. No significant difference in mortality was observed among all groups. A high concentration of thiamethoxam (50 μg/L) impaired the righting ability of E. sinensis. Thiamethoxam significantly increased antioxidant enzyme activities (superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity and glutathione peroxidase) and malondialdehyde levels. Simultaneously, detoxification enzyme activities (aminopyrine N-demethylase, erythromycin N-demethylase and glutathione-S-transferase) increased under chronic thiamethoxam stress. In addition, thiamethoxam caused immune and hepatopancreas damage. Moreover, thiamethoxam induced intestinal flora dysbiosis by altering the microbiome structure. The reduced complexity of the gut microbiota further illustrated that thiamethoxam could disrupt the stability of the microbiota ecological network. The transcriptomic results revealed that the number of downregulated DEGs increased in a dose-dependent manner, and most downregulated DEGs were enriched in energy metabolism-related pathways. These results indicate that thiamethoxam can adversely affect the crab behavior, biochemistry, intestinal microflora and transcriptomic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139853
Number of pages15
JournalChemosphere
Volume340
Early online date16 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Comprehensive omics analysis
  • Detoxification
  • Eriocheir sinensis
  • Oxidative stress
  • Thiamethoxam

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