Africa-Arabia Connections and Geo-Archaeological Exploration in the Southern Red Sea: Preliminary results and wider significance

Geoffrey N. Bailey, Dimitris Sakellariou, Abdullah Alsharekh, Salem Al Nomani, Maud Devès, Panos Georgiou, Manolis Kallergis, Stefanos Kalogirou, Leonidas Manousakis, Prokopis Mantopoulos, Matt Meredith-Williams, Garry Momber, Ioannis Morfis, Ioannis Pampidis, Ioannis Panagiotopoulos, Panagiotis Renieris, Grigoris Rousakis, Vasilis Stasinos, Spyros Stavrakakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract


We report on a preliminary exploration of the submerged landscapes in the Saudi Arabian sector of the southern Red Sea aboard the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) Research Vessel, AEGAEO, in May–June 2013. The survey sampled areas of the continental shelf down to the shelf margin at ~130 m depth in the vicinity of the Farasan Islands and combined high resolution acoustic techniques with sediment coring to reconstruct features of the now-submerged landscape of potential archaeological significance, including geological structure, topography, palaeoenvironment, and sea-level change. The region is currently of wide interest and significance: to archaeologists because it is currently regarded as one of the primary pathways of dispersal for early human populations expanding out of Africa during the Pleistocene, in which the extensive but now-submerged shelf region may have played a key role; and to marine geoscientists because the Red Sea offers unusual opportunities as a ‘laboratory’ for investigating Pleistocene sea-level change. Preliminary results indicate that the submerged landscape was characterised by a complex topography with fault-bounded valleys and deep basins, some of which may have hosted, at least intermittently, fresh water during periods of lowered sea level.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnder the Sea
Subtitle of host publicationArchaeology and Palaeolandscapes of the Continental Shelf
EditorsGeoffrey N. Bailey, Dimitris Sakellariou, Jan Harff
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Chapter23
Pages361-373
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-53160-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-53158-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCoastal Research Library
Volume20
ISSN (Print)2211-0577
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0585

Keywords

  • Farasan Islands
  • Continental Shelf
  • Evaporites
  • Last Glacial Maximum
  • Sea-Level Rise
  • Acoustic Survey
  • Homo sapiens

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