Age–related loss of dorsal vagal neurons in Parkinson's disease

W. P. Gai, P. C. Blumbergs, L. B. Geffen, W. W. Blessing

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    60 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Article abstract Older patients who die with Parkinson's disease (PD) have fewer pigmented neurons in the locus coeruleus and fewer substance P-containing neurons in mesopontine tegmental nuclei. We analyzed two other medullary nuclei, the dorsal vagal nucleus and the hypoglossal nucleus, in eight PD patients and six normal controls by counting neurons in serial Nissl stained sections to determine the relationship between age at death and cell loss in these nuclei. PD-related neurodegenerative changes (Lewy bodies and neuronal loss) were present only in the dorsal vagal nucleus (13,637 ± 1,323 neurons in PD, 24,885 ± 1,157 in normal controls). Cells in the intermediate rostrocaudal part of the nucleus were most severely affected. There was a significant correlation between loss of vagal neurons and age at death in PD patients. No age-related cell loss was present in the dorsal vagal nucleus of normal brains, or in the hypoglossal nucleus in either PD or normal brains. These results confirm that age-related cell death depends on whether or not there is coexistent PD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2106-2111
    Number of pages6
    JournalNeurology
    Volume42
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1992

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