Aggregate Index of Systemic Inflammation (AISI), Disease Severity, and Mortality in COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Angelo Zinellu, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Arduino A. Mangoni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Combined indices of different haematological cell types appear to be particularly promising for investigating the link between systemic inflammation and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the aggregate index of systemic inflammation (AISI), an emerging index derived from neutrophil, monocyte, platelet, and lymphocyte counts, in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with different disease severity and survival status. We searched electronic databases between the 1st of December 2019 and the 10th of June 2023 and assessed the risk of bias and the certainty of evidence. In 13 studies, severe disease/death was associated with significantly higher AISI values on admission vs. non-severe disease/survival (standard mean difference (SMD) = 0.68, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.97, p < 0.001). The AISI was also significantly associated with severe disease/death in five studies reporting odds ratios (4.39, 95% CI 2.12 to 9.06, p ˂ 0.001), but not in three studies reporting hazard ratios (HR = 1.000, 95% CI 0.999 to 1.002, p = 0.39). The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for severe disease/death were 0.66 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.73), 0.78 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.83), and 0.79 (95% CI 0.76 to 0.83), respectively. Our study has shown that the AISI on admission can effectively discriminate between patients with different disease severity and survival outcome (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42023438025).

Original languageEnglish
Article number4584
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • aggregate index of systemic inflammation
  • AISI
  • biomarkers
  • COVID-19
  • disease severity
  • inflammation
  • mortality

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