Fluorescence imaging is an important branch of bioimaging. It is non-invasive and provides superior spatial and temporal resolution during the real-time monitoring of biological samples of interest. Although the spatial resolution limit of optical microscopes is about 200 nm, due to the diffraction limit, with the application of super-resolution fluorescence microscopy technologies this limit has been pushed below 30 nm. This makes it feasible to visualize biological structures in subcellular levels and to monitor subcellular biological processes in real time. However, due to the complexity of the biological structure and components within cells, simultaneous staining and monitoring multiple intracellular components with different coloured fluorophores is often needed during multiplex imaging, to better understand biological processes. Aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgen) and AIEgen based nanoparticles (NPs) have presented many advantages in fluorescence imaging, with strong potential for biological science and nano-medicine. Herein this review, we focus on the advantages of AIEgen and AIEgen NP in cell-based fluorescence imaging, and the latest advances of AIEgens in cell-based multiplex imaging are summarized and discussed. The future perspectives are proposed.
- cell imaging
- aggregation induced emission