Alterations in prednisolone disposition as a result of oral contraceptive use and dose.

PJ Meffin, LMH Wing, BC Sallustio, PM Brooks

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    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The disposition of total and free prednisolone has been studied in eight female subjects who used combined oestrogen‐progestogen oral contraceptives and in eight female subjects who did not, each of whom received separate intravenous doses of 0.1 mg/kg (low) and 1.0 mg/kg (high) of prednisolone. Mean free prednisolone clearance was reduced congruent to 30% in oral contraceptive users compared to control subjects (P less than 0.001), the difference being greater for the low dose (39%) than for the high dose (24%). Pre‐dose plasma cortisol concentrations were elevated two‐fold (P less than 0.001) in oral contraceptive users compared to control subjects. These effects are consistent with a mechanism in which the competitive inhibition of free prednisolone clearance by cortisol contributes to the reduction of free prednisolone clearance by oral contraceptive use. Mean total prednisolone clearance and steady state distribution volume showed an approximate two‐fold dose dependent increase consistent with a similar increase in plasma prednisolone free fraction (P less than 0.001). Free prednisolone clearance showed an 18% dose dependent decrease (P less than 0.001) but free steady‐state distribution volume did not change with dose. At plasma prednisolone concentrations less than 400 ng/ml, prednisolone free fractions at any prednisolone concentration were greater after the low, than after the high dose. This effect is consistent with the displacement of prednisolone by cortisol from transcortin but not from albumin. 1984 The British Pharmacological Society

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)655-664
    Number of pages10
    JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
    Volume17
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 1984

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