Alternative oxidase activity in tobacco leaf mitochondria: Dependence on tricarboxylic acid cycle-mediated redox regulation and pyruvate activation

Greg C. Vanlerberghe, David A. Day, Joseph T. Wiskich, Alison E. Vanlerberghe, Lee Mclntosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (cv Petit Havana SR1) containing high levels of mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) protein due to the introduction of a sense transgene(s) of Aox1, the nuclear gene encoding AOX, were used to investigate mechanisms regulating AOX activity. After purification of leaf mitochondria, a large proportion of the AOX protein was present as the oxidized (covalently associated and less active) dimer. High AOX activity in these mitochondria was dependent on both reduction of the protein by DTT (to the noncovalently associated and more active dimer) and its subsequent activation by certain α-keto acids, particularly pyruvate. Reduction of AOX to its more active form could also be mediated by intramitochondrial reducing power generated by the oxidation of certain tricarboxylic acid cycle substrates, most notably isocitrate and malate. Our evidence suggests that NADPH may be specifically required for AOX reduction. All of the above regulatory mechanisms applied to AOX in wild-type mitochondria as well. Transgenic leaves lacking AOX due to the introduction of an Aox1 antisense transgene or multiple sense transgenes were used to investigate the potential physiological significance of the AOX-regulatory mechanisms. Under conditions in which respiratory carbon metabolism is restricted by the capacity of mitochondrial electron transport, feed-forward activation of AOX by mitochondrial reducing power and pyruvate may act to prevent redirection of carbon metabolism, such as to fermentative pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-361
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume109
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1995
Externally publishedYes

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