Aluminium amides derived from metallation of N,N′-di-tert-butyl-ethylenediamine

Michael G. Gardiner, Stacey M. Lawrence, Colin L. Raston

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20 Citations (Scopus)


The metallation of N,N′-di-tert-butylethylenediamine by AlH3·NMe3 has been investigated and shown to proceed via the formation of the unstable secondary amine-stabilised amidoalane [AlH2(ButNCH2CH2NButH)]. This compound reacted with an additional equivalent of AlH3·NMe3 to yield the dibridging amidoalane complex [(AlH2)2{μ-N(But)CH2CH 2N(But)}] or a molecule of the diamine to give the triamidoaluminium species [Al(ButNCH2CH2NBut)(Bu tNCH2CH2NButH)]. In the absence of an excess of AlH3·NMe3 or N,N′-di-tert-butylethylenediamine, [AlH2(ButNCH2CH2NButH)] eliminates molecular hydrogen to give the trans isomer of the dimeric diamidoalane complex trans-[{AlH[μ-N(But)CH2CH2NBu t]}2] which is stable toward reaction with either of the reactants. A stable analogue of the intermediate [AlH2(ButNCH2CH2NButH)] was made by replacing a hydride by a chloride, achieved by using AlH2Cl·NMe3 as the metallating agent. The cis isomer of the dimeric diamidoalane cis-[AlH{[μ-N(But)CH2CH2NBu t]}2] was prepared from the unstable lithium diamido aluminium hydride species [{Li[N(But)CH2CH2NBut]AlH 2}n] via elimination of lithium hydride. The aluminium triamide and the cis and trans isomers of the dimeric aluminium diamide have been structurally authenticated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4163-4169
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Dalton Transactions
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes


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