An endophytic actinobacterium, strain PIP199T, was isolated from a root sample of a native apricot growing on the Bedford Park campus of Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. The result of a polyphasic study showed that this strain was identified as a new member of the genus Amycolatopsis. Strain PIP199T is an aerobic actinobacterium with well-developed substrate mycelia and aerial mycelia that form short chains of spores. Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. keratiniphila DSM 44409T (99.7%), Amycolatopsis lurida DSM 43134T (99.6%) and Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. nogabecina DSM 44586T (99.4%) shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. A. keratiniphila subsp. keratiniphila DSM 44409T and A. lurida DSM 43134T were the closest phylogenetic neighbors. Chemotaxonomic data including major fatty acids, cell wall components and major menaquinones confirmed the affiliation of strain PIP199T to the genus Amycolatopsis. The phylogenetic analysis, physiological and biochemical studies and genomic study, allowed the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain PIP199T and the closely related species with valid names. ANIb and dDDH values when compared to Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. keratiniphila DSM 44409T were 87.3% and 36.4%, respectively. The name proposed for the new species is Amycolatopsis pittospori sp. nov. The type strain is PIP199T (= NRRL B-65536T = TBRC 10618T).
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2021|
- Amycolatopsis pittospora
- Genome mining
- Polyphasic taxonomy