Amycolatopsis pittospori sp. nov., an endophytic actinobacterium isolated from native apricot tree and genome mining revealed the biosynthesis potential as antibiotic producer and plant growth promoter

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Abstract

An endophytic actinobacterium, strain PIP199T, was isolated from a root sample of a native apricot growing on the Bedford Park campus of Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. The result of a polyphasic study showed that this strain was identified as a new member of the genus Amycolatopsis. Strain PIP199T is an aerobic actinobacterium with well-developed substrate mycelia and aerial mycelia that form short chains of spores. Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. keratiniphila DSM 44409T (99.7%), Amycolatopsis lurida DSM 43134T (99.6%) and Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. nogabecina DSM 44586T (99.4%) shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. A. keratiniphila subsp. keratiniphila DSM 44409T and A. lurida DSM 43134T were the closest phylogenetic neighbors. Chemotaxonomic data including major fatty acids, cell wall components and major menaquinones confirmed the affiliation of strain PIP199T to the genus Amycolatopsis. The phylogenetic analysis, physiological and biochemical studies and genomic study, allowed the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain PIP199T and the closely related species with valid names. ANIb and dDDH values when compared to Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. keratiniphila DSM 44409T were 87.3% and 36.4%, respectively. The name proposed for the new species is Amycolatopsis pittospori sp. nov. The type strain is PIP199T (= NRRL B-65536T = TBRC 10618T).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-377
Number of pages13
JournalAntonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology
Volume114
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Amycolatopsis pittospora
  • Endophyte
  • Genome mining
  • Polyphasic taxonomy

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