An audit of clinical outcomes following ovarian administration of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in women with severe diminished ovarian reserve

Kelton Tremellen, Leanne Pacella-Ince

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Infertility caused by poor oocyte quality is one of the most difficult areas to manage. While oocyte donation is an effective treatment, for most women it is a treatment of last resort. Ovarian platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment is a relatively new adjunct therapy which has been reported to possibly improve oocyte quality and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment outcomes in women with severe diminished ovarian reserve. 

Aims: To audit IVF and pregnancy outcomes following ovarian PRP treatment in a cohort of women under 45 years of age with severe diminished ovarian reserve and previous IVF treatment failure. 

Methods: An audit of 20 consecutive patients comparing embryology outcomes before and after ovarian PRP treatment, together with assessment of PRP-related pregnancies and treatment complications. 

Results: Overall, PRP treatment produced no significant improvement in oocyte number, but did increase the number of embryos generated compared to patients’ own pre-PRP IVF cycle (zero vs two embryos, P = 0.005). In total four patients conceived viable genetically normal pregnancies in their next IVF cycle, and a further two conceived naturally within 4 months of the PRP treatment. Five of these pregnancies were in women 40 years or older, all being euploid on non-invasive pregnancy screening and viable beyond 12 weeks gestation. No operative complications were observed. 

Conclusion: Ovarian PRP treatment appears to be low risk and may offer some promise in assisting pregnancy (natural and IVF-related), especially in women with reduced oocyte quality due to advanced maternal age. Future randomised controlled trials are urgently required to confirm this benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-772
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • diminished ovarian reserve
  • infertility
  • IVF
  • platelet-rich plasma (PRP)

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