Why does self-criticism arise and why might we get stuck in it? This chapter explores the physiological, social-cultural, and evolutionary theories that may help us to understand the experience of self-criticism. Experiences of stigma, shame, guilt, and self-criticism are embedded in innate potentials for human experience that are social. Motives for both competition and caring have evolved within humans. Competition motives shape our experiences of shame, humiliation, and self-criticism, while caring motives may shape our experiences of guilt, compassion, and empathy. Understanding these contrasting motivational underpinnings can help to tease apart the different facilitators and inhibitors of self-forgiveness. This chapter also explores self-compassion as a component of self-forgiveness and how this is a key resource for addressing unhelpful or hostile self-criticisms.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of the Psychology of Self-Forgiveness|
|Editors||Lydia Woodyatt, Everett L Worthington, Michael Wenzel, Brandon J Griffin|
|Place of Publication||Switzerland|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Sep 2017|