An exploration of adolescent’s decisions to abstain or refrain from alcohol consumption in Australian social settings: a qualitative systematic review

Richard Wiechula, Tiffany Conroy, Suzanne Sharrad, Charlotte de Crespigny, P Alyward

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background:

Significant numbers of Australian adolescents consume alcohol. Measures to reduce and prevent alcohol consumption by adolescents have limited effectiveness. Consumption of alcohol by Australian adolescents is a national concern because of the deleterious effects of alcohol consumption on adolescents’ social, physical and neurological development, other short- and long-term health risks, and the negative impact of alcohol-related violence and injury throughout the community.

Objective:

The primary objective of this review was to identify qualitative evidence on the decisions made by adolescents who refrain from consuming alcohol in any social setting where alcohol is available, or refrain from consuming alcohol including situations and contexts where they have done so previously.

Methods:

A qualitative systematic review employing methods described by the Joanna Briggs Institute and using the SUMARI software was conducted.

Results:

The research in this area of practice is extensive but primarily focused on quantitative research. This review identified only a small number of studies that claimed to include a qualitative element to the research often described as a component within a mixed methods study. Following critical appraisal no studies had sufficiently reported the qualitative elements of the studies where they could be data extracted.

Discussion:

This presentation will focus on the difficulties of identifying qualitative evidence when the only available sources are ‘mixed methods’ studies where the focus is primarily quantitative.

Conclusion:

This review highlighted first the dearth of qualitative literature in relation to adolescents’ decisions to abstain from consuming alcohol and then the difficulties in extracting qualitative data from mixed methods studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-173
Number of pages2
JournalInternational Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

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