An ICA-EBM-based sEMG classifier for recognizing lower limb movements in individuals with and without knee pathology

Ganesh R. Naik, S. Easter Selvan, Sridhar P. Arjunan, Amit Acharyya, Dinesh K. Kumar, Arvind Ramanujam, Hung T. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Surface electromyography (sEMG) data acquired during lower limb movements has the potential for investigating knee pathology. Nevertheless, a major challenge encountered with sEMG signals generated by lower limb movements is the intersubject variability, because the signals recorded from the leg or thigh muscles are contingent on the characteristics of a subject such as gait activity and muscle structure. In order to cope with this difficulty, we have designed a three-step classification scheme. First, the multichannel sEMG is decomposed into activities of the underlying sources by means of independent component analysis via entropy bound minimization. Next, a set of time-domain features, which would best discriminate various movements, are extracted from the source estimates. Finally, the feature selection is performed with the help of the Fisher score and a scree-plot-based statistical technique, prior to feeding the dimension-reduced features to the linear discriminant analysis. The investigation involves 11 healthy subjects and 11 individuals with knee pathology performing three different lower limb movements, namely, walking, sitting, and standing, which yielded an average classification accuracy of 96.1% and 86.2%, respectively. While the outcome of this study per se is very encouraging, with suitable improvement, the clinical application of such an sEMG-based pattern recognition system that distinguishes healthy and knee pathological subjects would be an attractive consequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-686
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Fisher score
  • independent component analysis
  • knee pathology
  • linear discriminant analysis
  • surface electromyography


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