An integrative review: Challenges and opportunities for stroke survivors and caregivers in hospital to home transition care

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Aim: To identify challenges and opportunities for stroke survivors and caregivers in hospital to home transition care. Background: Due to shortened hospital stays, stroke survivors and caregivers must take responsibility for complex care on discharge from hospital to home. Gaps exist in the literature that synthesizes studies on hospital to home transition care. Design: A systematic integrated review. Data sources: Six databases were searched systematically between 18 June 2018 – 31 October 2018 including Medline, CINAHL, Web of Science, ProQuest, Scopus and Science Direct. The search did not have a date limit. Review methods: Studies that met the selection criteria were critically reviewed. Data were extracted from the studies for analyses. A convergent qualitative synthesis approach using inductive thematic synthesis was applied to the review. Results: The analysis of 23 studies identified three major findings. First, health and social care systems influence transition care by either enabling stroke survivors and caregivers to manage transition care via well-coordinated services or preventing them from accessing services. Second, health professionals’ partnership with stroke survivors and caregivers largely decides tailored support for them. Successful partnerships and engagements with stroke survivors and caregivers depend on organizational resources. Third, survivors and caregivers are at different levels of readiness to cope with challenges. Individualized support for them to develop resilience is highly regarded. Conclusion: Stroke survivors and caregivers encounter enormous challenges in self-management of hospital to home transition care. Further research is required to address their expectations of support during transition care. Impact: There is a lack of synthesis of studies on factors affecting hospital to home transition care for stroke survivors. Health and social care system designs, health professionals’ commitment to individualized care and the self-management capability of stroke survivors and their caregivers have a profound influence on the transition care experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2253-2265
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume76
Issue number9
Early online date16 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

The author accepted manuscript is made available following 12 month embargo from date of publication (June 2020) in accordance with the publisher’s archiving policy. The Author Version of article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self archiving.

Keywords

  • caregivers
  • health professionals
  • integrated review
  • nurses
  • stroke
  • survivors
  • transition care

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