An online cross-sectional survey of the health risk behaviours among informal caregivers

Alexandra M.J. Denham, Olivia Wynne, Amanda L. Baker, Neil J. Spratt, Alyna Turner, Parker Magin, Kerrin Palazzi, Billie Bonevski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Issue addressed: Informal caregivers may experience unique barriers to engaging in healthy lifestyles, consequently increasing their risk of chronic disease. Among a convenience sample of informal caregivers, this study aimed to: (a) assess the self-reported health risk behaviours of low fruit and vegetable consumption, low physical activity, current smoking and hazardous alcohol consumption; (b) examine the demographic, caree condition and country of residence variables associated with each health risk behaviour; and (c) report the engagement in multiple health risk behaviours. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey among caregivers in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States was conducted. Self-reported health risk behaviours were assessed and compared to key Australian healthy living guidelines. Logistic regression modelling identified participant factors associated with each health risk behaviour. Results: Overall, 384 caregivers were included in the analysis. Hazardous alcohol consumption was the only self-reported health risk behaviour which was much higher than in the general population (60.0%). Caregiver age (P =.018) and country of residence (P =.015) were associated with hazardous alcohol consumption. A majority of caregivers reported engaging in three health risk behaviours (55.0%). Conclusions: Caregivers are engaging in a range of health risk behaviours; however, rates of hazardous alcohol consumption among the sample were high. Health promotion interventions targeted to address alcohol consumption should consider caregiver age and country of residence. So what?: This study highlights the health risk behaviours caregivers engage in across a number of countries, and suggests that caregivers require further support to manage alcohol consumption in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-435
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Promotion Journal of Australia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • alcohol consumption
  • health behaviours
  • nutrition
  • physical activity
  • smoking


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