An Overview of the Stability and Fretting Corrosion of Microgrooved Necks in the Taper Junction of Hip Implants

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Abstract

Fretting corrosion at the head–neck interface of modular hip implants, scientifically termed trunnionosis/taperosis, may cause regional inflammation, metallosis, and adverse local tissue reactions. The severity of such a deleterious process depends on various design parameters. In this review, the influence of surface topography (in some cases, called microgrooves/ridges) on the overall performance of the microgrooved head–neck junctions is investigated. The methodologies together with the assumptions and simplifications, as well as the findings from both the experimental observations (retrieval and in vitro) and the numerical approaches used in previous studies, are presented and discussed. The performance of the microgrooved junctions is compared to those with a smooth surface finish in two main categories: stability and integrity; wear, corrosion, and material loss. Existing contradictions and disagreements among the reported results are reported and discussed in order to present a comprehensive picture of the microgrooved junctions. The current research needs and possible future research directions on the microgrooved junctions are also identified and presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8396
Number of pages16
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • fretting corrosion
  • head–neck junction
  • hip implant
  • microgrooves
  • stability

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